Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique such as mindfulness ie focusing their mind on a particular goal, thought or activity. To train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. One would either set their own intention, sit still in a calm and quiet place and focus their attention of a goal or ideal state they wish to achieve, or be guided by a person that has already created a meditation topic that resonates with them and simply listen to the person speak.
There are many things in life that are beyond our control. However, it is possible to take responsibility for our own states of mind and make the necessary adjustments for the better. The most important thing we can do is take responsibility for our own personal phobias, fears, behaviors and communications.
Meditation is a means of transcending the mental, emotional and physical states. Meditation practices are techniques that encourage and develop concentration, clarity, emotional positivity and perspective of all things, creatures and human beings. By selecting a particular meditation topic or intention allows us to compartmentalize and manage or unpack one area that requires attention, at a time. This aids the development of new, more positive ways of being. With regular work and patience these nourishing, focused states of mind can deepen into profoundly peaceful and energized states. These experiences effect us on a deeper level and can lead to a new understanding of life. The techniques of meditation are very simple. However, reading about them is not enough. These techniques need to be applied practically. A teacher will be able to offer you guidance in how to apply the technique and how to deal with difficulties. Perhaps most importantly, a teacher or guide can offer the encouragement and inspiration of their own example.
Preparation is crucial. When you sit down to meditate you need to set up your meditation posture and purpose in a way that is relaxed but upright, usually sitting on a cushion and probably cross-legged. If this is not easy you can sit kneeling or else in a chair. Then you close your eyes, relax, and tune in to how you are feeling and thinking. Simply slowing down that process and elimination all stresses and worries. It is important to be sensitive to your experience because this is what you work with in meditation. Some gentle stretching can also help relax the body and unwind the mind.
Meditation can be from a beginners level to advanced. From all ages above the age of six. Also, extremly beneficial for pregnant woman.